Debugging in Laravel: How to Find and Fix Errors in Laravel Application

Debugging is an essential part of the Laravel development process, allowing you to understand and resolve issues in your application. Laravel provides various tools and features to assist with debugging, helping you identify the root cause of errors and address them. Here is a basic guide on debugging in Laravel:

Display Error Messages

Laravel's development environment is configured to display detailed error messages when errors occur. Make sure you are working in the development environment, and error messages will be displayed directly in the browser.


Use the dd() Function

The dd() (dump and die) function is a useful tool for inspecting and displaying variables, arrays, or objects during execution. You can use dd() to check data and examine their state.

$data = ['name' => 'John', 'age' => 25];

When encountering the dd() function, Laravel will halt execution and display detailed information about the $data variable.


Utilize Log Files

Laravel provides methods to log information and errors into log files. You can use methods like info(), error(), debug(), etc., to log during execution. Log files are stored in the storage/logs directory.


Here's an example of using file logs in Laravel

First, make sure Laravel is configured to log messages. Open the .env file and ensure the LOG_CHANNEL variable is set to 'daily' or 'stack' (if it's not already set):


In your code, you can use the Log facade to write log messages. Here's an example

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Log;

public function example()
    Log::info('This is an information log message.');

    Log::warning('This is a warning log message.');

    Log::error('This is an error log message.');

In this example, we use the info(), warning(), and error() methods of the Log facade to log different types of messages. You can use these methods to log messages at various log levels.

By default, Laravel logs are stored in the storage/logs directory. You can access the log files in that directory to view the logged messages. The log files are organized by date.

To write log messages with additional context or data, you can pass an array as the second argument to the log methods.

Log::info('User created', ['user_id' => 1]);

In this case, the additional context data (user_id = 1) will be included in the log message

You can also create custom log channels and configure them in the config/logging.php file. This allows you to separate logs for different parts of your application or to use different log storage configurations.


Use Laravel Telescope

Laravel Telescope is a powerful and convenient debugging tool for Laravel. It provides a web interface for monitoring and analyzing requests, database queries, queues, and more. To use Telescope, you need to install and configure it in your Laravel application.


Use Xdebug and Debugging IDE

Xdebug is a popular debugging tool used in Laravel and many other PHP projects. By installing Xdebug and combining it with a debugging IDE like PhpStorm, you can track and inspect the execution state of your PHP code, set breakpoints, inspect variables, and utilize other debugging features.


With the above tools and features, you can easily debug and troubleshoot your Laravel application.