Comparing MariaDB and MySQL: Similarities and Differences

MariaDB and MySQL are two highly popular open-source database management systems (DBMS), and they share some similarities while also having differences. Here are some key similarities and differences between MariaDB and MySQL:


  1. Common Origin: MariaDB was initially developed as a fork of MySQL. Therefore, both database systems share many similarities in terms of features and syntax.

  2. Open Source: Both MariaDB and MySQL are open-source and are licensed under the General Public License (GPL). This means that you can use, modify, and distribute them freely.

  3. ANSI SQL Support: Both DBMS systems support ANSI SQL standards, allowing you to write standard SQL queries that can run on both MariaDB and MySQL.

  4. Multiple Storage Engines: Both MariaDB and MySQL support various storage engines, including InnoDB, MyISAM, and many others.


  1. Developers: MariaDB is developed and maintained by a separate company, MariaDB Corporation Ab, whereas MySQL is owned by Oracle Corporation following Oracle's acquisition of Sun Microsystems, which had previously acquired MySQL AB.

  2. Performance: MariaDB has focused on improving performance compared to MySQL. For example, MariaDB introduced the Aria storage engine, which is faster than MyISAM.

  3. Handling Large Databases: MariaDB is often considered better at handling larger databases and incorporates features such as indexing and optimization more effectively.

  4. Unique Features: MariaDB has some unique features, such as the Galera Cluster for multi-node replication support.

  5. Community and Support: MariaDB has a strong and active user and development community. MySQL also has a large community, but some users switched to MariaDB due to concerns about MySQL's future after Oracle's acquisition.

Choosing Between MariaDB and MySQL

The choice between MariaDB and MySQL depends on your specific needs. If you have been using MySQL and have no specific requirements, you can continue using it. However, if you are concerned about performance, unique features, or vendor lock-in, MariaDB might be a better choice. Before making a decision, consider the specific requirements and resources of your project and check the documentation and community support for both to ensure you choose the appropriate database management system.